The Vineyard is home to 18,000 year-round residents. During the summer months, the population increases to 125,000. How do I get to Martha’s Vineyard? The Island of Martha’s Vineyard can be reached by sea or by air; there are no land routes, bridges or tunnels connecting it to the mainland. Most travelers arrive via our harbors on the ferry, with a growing number using the airport as a point of entry.